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The $.30 kit that could end malaria by Ashley Uys from South Africa

It's an entirely preventable disease, and when diagnosed early, it's easily treatable. Yet Malaria still claims hundreds of thousands of lives each year.
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Ivory Coast cocoa farmers seek gold in face of drought

Once a cocoa planter, Ferdinand Konan Yao has joined the ranks of fellow farmers who have abandoned Ivory Coast's top cash crop to work in clandestine gold mines buried deep in the plantations. "It hasn't rained for more than five years and cocoa's no longer worth anything," said Yao, sporting a cowboy hat. Ivory Coast is the world's leading cocoa ...
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Based on the incredible true story of Jesse Owens, the legendary athletic superstar whose quest to become the greatest track and field athlete in history thrusts him onto the world stage of the 1936 Olympics, where he faces off against Adolf Hitler's vision of Aryan supremacy. "Race" is an enthralling film abou...
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Based on the award-winning novel by Lawrence Hill, The Book of Negroes tells the story of Aminata Diallo after her capture and the pain she endured as part of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade. Starring Aunjanue Ellis as well as Cuba Gooding Jr. and Louis Gossett Jr., The Book of Negroes will premiere as an epic m...
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Pelé Birth of a Legend

Pele's meteoric rise from the slums of Sao Paulo to leading Brazil to its first World Cup victory at the age of 17 is chronicled in this biographical drama. "Pelé: Birth of a Legend" flashes back to the very early childhood of said revolutionary player, and while its outline is true to Pelé's true life—he ...
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Njinga, Queen of Angola

In the 17th century a warrior queen fights for the independence of Angola. After witnessing the murder of her son and watching her people being humiliated by Portuguese colonizers, Njinga will become a Queen and struggle for their liberation embodying the motto: those who stay fight to win. Our story begins in...
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Tula : The Revolt

Based on historical facts and the movie starring Danny Glover and Jeroen Krabbé, Tula -The Revolt is a true story about the Great Slave Revolt on the Caribbean island of Curaçao in 1795. Tula, a slave on the Kenepa plantation, is convinced that God made all human beings equal: he finds it increasingly difficul...
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The Birth Of A Nation

Nat Turner is an enslaved Baptist preacher who lives on a Virginia plantation owned by Samuel Turner. With rumors of insurrection in the air, a cleric convinces Samuel that Nate should sermonize to other slaves, thereby quelling any notions of an uprising. As Nate witnesses the horrific treatment of his fellow ...
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Queen Of Katwe

Living in the slum of Katwe in Kampala, Uganda, is a constant struggle for 10-year-old Phiona (Madina Nalwanga) and her family. Her world changes one day when she meets Robert Katende (David Oyelowo), a missionary who teaches children how to play chess. Phiona becomes fascinated with the game and soon becomes a...
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African Fundamentalism By The Hon. Marcus Mosiah Garvey

The time has come for the Blackman to forget and cast behind him his hero worship and adoration of other races, and to start out immediately to create and emulate heroes of his own. We must canonize our own martyrs and elevate to positions of fame and honor Black men and women who have made their distinct contributions to our racial history.

Sojourner Truth is worthy of sainthood alongside of Joan of Arc. Crispus Attuck and George William Gordon are entitled to the halo of martyrdom with no less glory than that of the martyrs of any other race. Jacques Deselines' and Moshesh's brilliancy as soldiers and statesmen outshone that of a Cromwell, Napoleon, or Washington: hence they are entitled to the highest place as heroes among men.

Africa has produced countless numbers of men and women, in war and in peace, whose lustre and bravery outshines that of any other people. Then why not see good and perfection in ourselves? We must inspire a literature and promulgate a doctrine of our own without any apologies to the powers that be. The right is the Blackman's and Africa's. Let contrary sentiments and cross opinions go to the winds. Oppositions to Race Independence is the weapon of the enemy to defeat the hopes of an unfortunate people.

We are entitled to our own opinions and not obligated to or bound by the opinions of others. If others laugh at you return the laughter to them; if they mimic you return the compliment with equal force. They have no more right to dishonor, disrespect or
disregard your feelings and manhood than you have in dealing with them. Honor them when they honor you; disregard them when they vilely treat you. Their arrogance is but skin deep and an assumption that has no foundation in morals or in Law.

They have sprung from the same family tree of obscurity as we have; their history is as rude in its primitiveness as ours, their ancestors ran wild and naked, lived in caves and in branches of trees like monkeys as ours; they made sacrifices, ate the flesh of their own dead and the raw meat of wild beasts for centuries even as they accuse us of doing. Their cannibalism was more prolonged than ours; when we were embracing the Arts and Sciences on the banks of the Nile, their ancestors were still drinking human blood and eating out of the skulls of their conquered dead.

When our civilization had reached the noon-day of progress, they were still running naked and sleeping in holes and caves with rats, bats, and other insects and animals. After we had already unfathomed the mystery of the Stars and reduced the Heavenly Constellations to minute and regular calculus they were still backwoodsmen, living in ignorance and blatant darkness

The world today is indebted to us for the benefits of civilization. They stole our Arts and Sciences from Africa. Then why should we be ashamed of ourselves? Their modern improvements are but duplicates of a grander civilization that we reflected thousands of years ago; without the advantage of what is buried and still hidden, to be resurrected and reintroduced by the intelligence of our generation and our posterity.

Why should we be discouraged because somebody laughs at us today? Who can tell what tomorrow will bring forth? Did they not laugh at Moses, Christ, and Mohammed? Was there not a CARTHAGE, GREECE and ROME? We see and have changes everyday; so plan, work, be steadfast and do not be dismayed. As the Jew is held together by his religion, the white races by the assumption and the unwritten law of superiority, and the Mongolian by the precious tie of blood; so likewise the Blackman must be UNITED in one grand RACIAL HIERARCHY. Our union must know no climate, boundary or

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A List of Some African Leaders that Resisted European Colonization






Cetshwayo was a Zulu king and the nephew of the legendary Zulu ruler Shaka. Cetshwayo fought the British in 1879. Although the Zulus were defeated, during the Battle of Isandlwana the Zulus handed the British one of the worst defeats in the history of the British Empire.


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Predictably, there have been people comparing Rachel Dolezal, a white woman posing as a black woman, to that of Bruce Jenner, a man posing as a woman. Some are calling this “transracial.” Dr. Paul R. McHugh accurately explains that the desire to be “transgender” is a mental disorder largely because it is not rooted in reality. A man who is biologically born as a man can never be a woman. He made get cosmetic surgery to make a superficial change, but the man is still biologically a man. Moreover, a large portion of those who have gender reassignment surgery are still not satisfied and McHugh argues that people who get gender reassignment surgery are 20 times more likely to commit suicide than non-transgender people. Therefore, transgender issues do not represent a sort of civil rights issue that liberals have often made the issue out to be—it is a psychological issue.

The whole notion of transgender is not rooted in a reality. Likewise, being “transracial” is not rooted in reality. A white woman that was born white cannot suddenly become black. Now, there have been examples of white people with black grandparents or great-grandparents that have identified as being black.  We see this often in Brazil, but in this case we have a Rachel Dolezal, who is a woman that appears to have no immediate black ancestry.
The biggest issue here is that Dolezal’s “transracial” identity is based on lies. Not only the lie about her own racial identity, but she has done things like claim that her adopted black step-brother was her own son. She also apparently mailed hate mail to herself. This is a woman that appears to be a pathological liar.

Moreover, all she has done was using her position as a fake black person for her benefit. From this position she not only became president of the NAACP, but she also got a scholarship to Howard. In other words, Dolezal has enjoyed all of the benefits of being black, but endured none of the challenges. As one person rightfully pointed out, black people cannot suddenly decide to be white when attacked by a police officer at a pool party. No matter how much we may bleach our skins or straighten our hair, there is no escaping for black people. There are some really light-skinned or mixed race blacks that may pass for white, but those people do not represent the vast majority of people with African blood in their veins, and such people essentially profit from white supremacy and racism rather than challenging the status quo. This is why in places like Haiti (during the revolution) and South Africa (during apartheid) we see tensions between oppressed blacks and mixed race people who tended to distance themselves from the struggles of the black masses.

Dolezal cannot pass herself off as a full-blooded black woman. Instead, she claimed she was mixed race and that one of those races was black, but she has no black parents, no black grandparents, and no black great-grandparents. Based on all accounts about her life, she is either a confused woman or an opportunist woman, but nothing about her claims to be black is based in reality; the same way someone who was born a man but claims to be a woman is making a claim that is not based in reality. 
Original author: D Omowale
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Were Bob Marley and Malcolm X Traitors?

I wrote about Bob Marley’s status as a prophet in the eyes of some people in my book Malcolm X, Bob Marley and Other Essays. There I pointed out that Bob Marley was not a prophet or a revolutionary as he is sometimes depicted. He was in fact a musician and that was his significance. He was inspired by figures like Paul Bogle and Marcus Garvey. Bogle led an uprising against the colonial government and Garvey was the leader of a mass movement. Marley led neither an uprising nor any type of mass movement or organization. He was a musician, and he had all the benefits and limits that come with that.
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Quotes on Malcolm X

I always had a deep affection for Malcolm and felt that he had a great ability to put his finger on the existence and the root of the problem. He was an eloquent spokesman for his point of view and no one can honestly doubt that Malcolm had a great concern for the problems we face as a race.”
“He was one of the most fascinating and charming men I have ever met, and never hesitated to take his attractiveness and beat you to death with it. Yet his irritation, though painful to us, was most salutary. He would make you angry as hell, but he would also make you proud. It was impossible to remain defensive and apologetic about being a Negro in his presence. He wouldn’t let you. And you always left his presence with the sneaky suspicion that maybe, after all, you were a man!”
“Most of us blacks—or Negroes, as he called us—really thought we were free without being aware that in our subconscious all those chains we thought had been struck off were still there, and there were many ways where what really motivated us was our desire to be loved by the white man. Malcolm meant to lance that sense of inferiority. He knew it would be painful. He knew that people could kill you because of it, but he dared to take that risk.”
There are those who will consider it their duty, as friends of the Negro people, to tell us to revile him, to flee, even from the presence of his memory, to save ourselves by writing him out of the history of our turbulent times. Many will ask what Harlem finds to honor in this stormy, controversial and bold young captain – and we will smile. Many will say turn away – away from this man, for he is not a man but a demon, a monster, a subverter and an enemy of the black man – and we will smile. They will say that he is of hate – a fanatic, a racist – who can only bring evil to the cause for which you struggle! And we will answer and say to them : Did you ever talk to Brother Malcolm? Did you ever touch him, or have him smile at you? Did you ever really listen to him? Did he ever do a mean thing? Was he ever himself associated with violence or any public disturbance? For if you did you would know him. And if you knew him you would know why we must honor him. Malcolm was our manhood, our living, black manhood!”
“When Malcolm would ascent the little platform…he couldn't talk for the first four of five minutes—the people would be making such a praise-shout to him—and he would stand there, taking his due. And then he would open his mouth.”
“He was saying something over and above that of any other leader of that day. While the other leaders were begging for entry into the house of their oppressor, he was telling you to build your own house.”
“Now, everybody talks about Malcolm like they loved him so much when he was alive, but that’s a lie and they know it. When Malcolm was killed, the majority of negroes reacted the same way white people did. They were glad, because they had been told that Malcolm was going around stirring up trouble.”
“We weren’t accustomed to being told that we were devils and that we were oppressors up here in our wonderful northern cities. He was speaking for a silent mass of black people and sang it out front on the devil’s own airwaves, and that was an act of war.”
“I came away from that rally feeling that with him, once you heard him speak, you never went back to where you were before. You had to—even if you kept your position, you had to rethink it.”
“To embrace the ideas of Malcolm X is to embrace the ideas of African Internationalism and the ideas of African Internationalism are opposite and contradictory to the ideals of Americanism. The ideals of African Internationalism promote freedom from oppression and injustice. These ideals promote freedom and independence.”
 “He expelled fear for African Americans. He said, ‘I will speak out loud what we’ve been thinking,’ and he said, ‘You’ll see. People will hear it and they will not do anything to us necessarily, Ok, but I will now speak it for the masses of people.’ When he said it in a very strong fashion, in this very manly fashion, in this fashion that says, ‘I am not afraid to say what you’ve been thinking all these years,’ that’s why we loved him. He said it out loud, not behind closed doors. He took on America for us.”
“And I remember a lone, almost ragged guitarist huddled on a side street playing and singing just for himself when he glanced up and instantly recognized the oncoming, striding figure. “Huh-ho!” the guitarist exclaimed, and jumping up, he snapped into a mock salute. “My man!”
 Malcolm X loved it. And they loved him. There was no question about it: whether he was standing tall beside a street lamp chatting with winos, or whether he was firing his radio and television broadsides to unseen millions of people, or whether he was titillating small audiences of sophisticated whites with his small-talk such as, “My hobby is stirring up Negroes, that's spelled knee-grows the way you liberals pronounce it”—the man had charisma, and he had power.”
“No man in our time aroused fear and hatred in the white man as did Malcolm, because in him the white man sensed an implacable foe who could not be had for any price—a man unreservedly committed to the cause of liberating the black man in American society rather than integrating the black man into that society.”
“No Malcolm X in my History text

He tried to educate and liberate all Blacks.”

-Tupac Shakur 

Original author: D Omowale
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Legends of Nigeria's forgotten monument are bigger than pyramids of Egypt


By  Barnaby Phillips

Deep in the Nigerian rainforest, one of Africa's greatest monuments has been virtually ignored by the outside world for hundreds of years.



Praying at the grave The grave of Bilikisu Sungbo is seen as holy place


In terms of sheer size it's the largest single monument in Africa
Dr Patrick Darling



Yet the Eredo earthwork lies just one hour's drive from Lagos.

Now being investigated by Dr Patrick Darling of Bournemouth University in the United Kingdom, the Eredo provides clear evidence of a powerful lost kingdom, and,

According to local tradition, the site may even shed light on the legendary Queen of Sheba.

Trekking through the rainforest you could pass within a few yards of the Eredo and not even know it was there - a great ditch hidden in the vegetation.

Built some 1,000 years ago, it encircles the ancient kingdom of Ijebu-Ode, snaking through swamps and forests.

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Searching for the Queen of Sheba

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A team of British scientists may have rediscovered the centre of one of Africa's greatest kingdoms - and the possible burial place of the legendary Queen of Sheba. Hidden in the Nigerian rainforest, the earthworks at Eredo are just a few hour's drive from Lagos. The team from Bournemouth University, working with archaeologist Dr Patrick Darling, have completed a preliminary survey of the wall and ditch measuring 70ft high in places and around 100 miles long.

Civil wars and the arrival of the British eventually broke the kingdom's centuries-old Lagos lagoon trade monopoly.
But the Awujale of the modern day town of Ijebu-Ode still holds a traditional position of responsibility.

Dr Darling, described the Eredo site as a breathtaking find with many of its remains relatively intact, though overgrown by the rainforest.


"We are not linking what we found to a city, but to a vast kingdom boundary rampart," he told the BBC.

"The vertical sided ditches go around the area for 100 miles and it is more than 1,000 years old.

"That makes it the earliest proof of an kingdom founded in the African rainforest."







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The Roots of African-on-African Violence

The massacre at Garissa University College and the recent violence against other Africans in South Africa, especially Zimbabweans is the latest in the large number of African-on-African violence that we’ve seen throughout the continent since independence. Along with these events have been the genocide in Rwanda and the civil wars countries such as Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Sudan, Congo and other nations. This is not unlike the alarming rates at which African Americans and West Indians have been killing each other.
We see all around the world African people have been engaged in aggression against each other. Much of these acts of violence can be explained through what is known in psychology as “displaced aggression.” That is when a person takes out their aggression not on the direct source of that aggression, but on a different target. A commonly used example of this would be a man who gets berated by his boss at work, but instead of confronting his boss out of fear of being fired, the man goes home and takes out his aggression by abusing his dog. It is the same way with Africans, who turn their aggressions against each other.

Rather than taking out our aggression on the sources of our oppression and exploitation, we often turn that aggression inwards towards ourselves. For example, the outrage in South Africa is not targeted towards the Europeans that continue to enjoy the riches that their ancestors stole from the local African population. Instead, the aggression is targeted towards other Africans, specifically "foreign" born Africans.

We also have to consider that these attacks against foreigners are clashes that are essentially over the borders that were drawn up by the Europeans. In fact, many of the post-colonial clashes have been over things that Europeans imposed on African people. The genocide in Rwanda was largely the result of the divide and conquer tactics of the Germans and Belgians. The civil wars in the Sudan was the result of the divide and conquer tactics of the British and in Djibouti the French employed divide and conquer tactics to maintain their control over their colony.

The other explanation for the violence is the Eurocentric system itself, which has historically degraded African people. When African people come to accept this system as their own, they are as accepting their own inferiority. Bobby E. Wright argued African people kill each other because they “have been led to believe that they are part of the psychopath’s system,” a system of white supremacy   that has historically “encouraged the killings of Blacks.” 
Original author: D Omowale
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Victimization and History

“And when we fell victims to this feeling of inadequacy or inferiority or helplessness, we turned to somebody else to show us the way. We didn't have confidence in another Black man to show us the way, or Black people to show us the way. In those days we didn't. We didn't think a Black man could do anything but play some horn -- you know, some sounds and make you happy with some songs and in that way. But in serious things, where our food, clothing, and shelter was concerned and our education was concerned, we turned to the man. We never thought in terms of bringing these things into existence for ourselves, we never thought in terms of doing things for our selves. Because we felt helpless.”
One of the negative side effects of the mis-education that African people have undergone is that we have internalized a type of victim mentality. That is to say that when we look at ourselves throughout history we always see ourselves as being victims that are waiting for other people to liberate us or to save us. That is certainly the historical narrative I got in schools. I was taught about how Abraham Lincoln emancipated the slaves or how William Wilberforce ended the slave trade. Nat Turner’s name came up once in class and there was Frederick Douglass, but the role of Africans in resisting slavery was for the most part erased. In schools African children really do not hear about Toussaint, Cuffy, Sam Sharpe, Buddhoe, Nanny, Bussa, Dessalines, Zumbi, and the many others that resisted slavery. This leaves students with the impression that Africans were reduced to merely being slaves that begged for other people to save us, as the image above depicts.
To change this type of mentality we need to know our history. We need to read about how the Haitians defeated three of the most powerful empires in Europe or how the Ethiopians defeated the Italians. We need to read about the defeats that the Asante and the Zulu inflicted on the British Empire or how the Hehe fought bravely for seven years against the Germans.  We need to read about how the Maroons in Jamaica or the Black Caribs in St. Vincent managed to force the British to sign a treaty with them on their own terms because the British could not outright defeat them in combat.

Although every African nation but Ethiopia failed to fend off European imperialism (and even Ethiopia would, for a time, fall under Italian rule), Africans fought valiantly and in some cases won the respect of their foes. As John Henrik Clarke said, “For a period of more than a hundred years, African warrior nationalists, mostly kings, who had never worn a store-bought shoe or heard of a military school, outmaneuvered and outgeneraled some of the finest military minds of Europe.” The point Clarke makes here is profound because although Africans did not have the same technology that the Europeans had, they were able to score some major victories simply through their military tactics alone. The defeat of the Italians at the hands of Ethiopia was perhaps the only time Europeans fought an African army that was armed with up to date weaponry.

Because many of us have never really studied our history to see that at various points Africans defeated or came close to defeating Europeans, we have a skewed view of history which makes it appear as though we have merely been victims throughout history and we are incapable of standing up for ourselves.

Original author: D Omowale
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Open letter to ‘60 Minutes’ on its Africa reporting

Dear Jeff Fager, Executive Producer of CBS 60 Minutes,

We, the undersigned, are writing to express our grave concern about the frequent and recurring misrepresentation of the African continent by 60 Minutes.

In a series of recent segments from the continent, 60 Minutes has managed, quite extraordinarily, to render people of black African ancestry voiceless and all but invisible.

Two of these segments were remarkably similar in their basic subject matter, featuring white people who have made it their mission to rescue African wildlife. In one case these were lions, and in another, apes. People of black African descent make no substantial appearance in either of these reports, and no sense whatsoever is given of the countries visited, South Africa and Gabon.

The third notable recent segment was a visit by your correspondent Lara Logan to Liberia to cover the Ebola epidemic in that country. In that broadcast, Africans were reduced to the role of silent victims. They constituted what might be called a scenery of misery: people whose thoughts, experiences and actions were treated as if totally without interest. Liberians were shown within easy speaking range of Logan, including some Liberians whom she spoke about, and yet not a single Liberian was quoted in any capacity.

Liberians not only died from Ebola, but many of them contributed bravely to the fight against the disease, including doctors, nurses and other caregivers, some of whom gave their lives in this effort. Despite this, the only people heard from on the air were white foreigners who had come to Liberia to contribute to the fight against the disease.

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A Short List of Some African Women to Know About

Hatshepsut was the greatest woman ruler in Egypt and one of Egypt’s greatest rulers in general. Egyptologist James Henry Breasted said of her, “The first great woman in history of whom we are informed.” During her reign Hatshepsut established new trade networks, which including sending a delegation to Punt. Hatshepsut was also remembered as one of the most prolific builders in Egypt’s history. She had a number of constructions built, but the most famous of these constructions was the Mortuary Temple.
Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut
Amanishakheto was a queen in Kush. She is remembered for the jewelry that was found in her pyramid.
Nzinga was the Queen of the Ndongo and Matamba Kingdoms. Nzinga spent decades fighting to repel the Portuguese slave traders. One Portuguese wrote of Nzinga: “The truth is that she is the greatest military strategist that ever confronted the armed forces of Portugal. Her tactics keep our commanders sweating in confusion and dismay. Her aim is nothing less than the total destruction of the slave trade.”
Lisabi was a Ega leader and warrior who defended her people from an invasion from the Oyo Empire.


Dandara was the wife of Zumbi, who was the leader of Palmares. Palmares was a society of runaway slaves. Dandara was a warrior who fought alongside her husband to liberate slaves in Brazil. She also nursed sick children and elders in Palmares. When she was captured in battle, she committed suicide rather than allowing herself to be taken into slavery.
Nanny was a famed maroon leader in Jamaica. The maroons were escaped Africans that formed their own societies. Nanny is remembered as a brave and courageous warrior, who not only fought the British slave masters but actively worked to free other slaves from the plantation.
Harriet Tubman was an abolitionist in the United States. Although she was born into slavery, she managed to escape and then made multiple trips onto slave plantations to lead others to freedom. She was known as the “Moses of Her People.” Aside from leading people to freedom, Tubman also helped John Brown to organize his raid on Harpers Ferry and she served as a spy for the Union Army during the civil war.
Yaa Asantewaa was a Queen Mother of the Asante people, who led her people in their final battle against the British Empire.  
Taitu was the wife of Ethiopian Emperor Menelik. She is remembered for playing a very significant role during his reign. Menelik would seek her consul before making important decisions. It was also Taitu who managed government affairs when Menelik was away and it was she that selected the location for present day capital city of Addis Ababa. Taitu is perhaps best known for commanding troops on the battlefield during the Battle of Adwa, in which Ethiopia defeated the Italians.
Funmilayo Kuti 

Funmilayo Kuti was a Nigerian born political organizer and anti-colonial leader. Funmilayo was one of the founding members of the National Council of Nigeria and the Cameroons (NCNC), and the West African Students Union (WASU). Funmilayo was also known for the fearless manner in which she would confront British colonial officers and their African puppets. Funmilayo also rejected many aspects of European culture. She refused to use her European name (Frances Abigail) and wore only traditional African clothing. Funmilayo was the mother of famous Nigerian musician Fela Kuti, as well as two doctors Beko Ransome-Kuti and Olikoye Ransome-Kuti. All three of her children became outspoken political activists in their own right.

Ida B. Wells-Barnett was a journalist who wrote a number of pamphlets to expose lynchings throughout America. Her works include “Southern Horrors: Lynch Law in All Its Phases,” “The Red Record: Tabulated Statistics and Alleged Causes of Lynching in the United States,” and “Mob Rule in New Orleans: Robert Charles and His Fight to Death, the Story of His Life, Burning Human Beings Alive, Other Lynching Statistics.”
Queen Mother Moore was a Pan-African activist. She first became involved in the African struggle during the 1920s as a member of Marcus Garvey’s Universal Negro Improvement Association and worked the Republic of New Afrika in the 1960s. She spent over 70 years fighting for the rights of African people throughout the world. She was involved in community activities well into her 90s, including appearing for a speech at the Million Man March in 1995. At the age of 97, she once declared, “I feel good. I feel young. My work isn’t complete.” Moore was given the name Queen Mother by African students that respected her and she was officially given the honorary title of Queen Mother by the Asante king in 1972 during a trip she made to Ghana.

Edna Roland

Edna Roland is a black rights activist in Brazil. She has severed as the president of an organization named Black Voice and the co-coordinator of the Geledes Institute of Black Woman. Throughout her public career she has fought for a number of causes including the restoration of democracy during the years of military dictatorship in Brazil, improved healthcare for Africans in Brazil, and for reparations. Perhaps the most notable moment of her political career was a conference on racism that she attended in South Africa in 2001. During this conference she exposed the rampant racism in Brazil, which forced the Brazilian government to, for the first time, acknowledge the existence of racism in Brazil.
Original author: D Omowale
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