Answers
Pinboards
Links Directory
content
Google Search
Search - Blog
Village
Books
Categories
Contacts
Content
Newsfeeds
Weblinks
Tags

Blogs

Recent Post

The $.30 kit that could end malaria by Ashley Uys from South Africa

The $.30 kit that could end malaria by Ashley Uys from South Africa
It's an entirely preventable disease, and when diagnosed early, it's easily treatable. Yet Malaria still claims hundreds of thousands of lives each year.
  987 Hits

Ivory Coast cocoa farmers seek gold in face of drought

Ivory Coast cocoa farmers seek gold in face of drought



Once a cocoa planter, Ferdinand Konan Yao has joined the ranks of fellow farmers who have abandoned Ivory Coast's top cash crop to work in clandestine gold mines buried deep in the plantations. "It hasn't rained for more than five years and cocoa's no longer worth anything," said Yao, sporting a cowboy hat. Ivory Coast is the world's leading cocoa ...
Continue reading
  949 Hits

RACE

RACE

Based on the incredible true story of Jesse Owens, the legendary athletic superstar whose quest to become the greatest track and field athlete in history thrusts him onto the world stage of the 1936 Olympics, where he faces off against Adolf Hitler's vision of Aryan supremacy. "Race" is an enthralling film about courage, determination, tolerance, a...
Continue reading
  1225 Hits

THE BOOK OF NEGROES

THE BOOK OF NEGROES

Based on the award-winning novel by Lawrence Hill, The Book of Negroes tells the story of Aminata Diallo after her capture and the pain she endured as part of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade. Starring Aunjanue Ellis as well as Cuba Gooding Jr. and Louis Gossett Jr., The Book of Negroes will premiere as an epic miniseries that highlights Aminata's po...
Continue reading
  257 Hits
  0 Comments

Pelé Birth of a Legend

Pelé Birth of a Legend

Pele's meteoric rise from the slums of Sao Paulo to leading Brazil to its first World Cup victory at the age of 17 is chronicled in this biographical drama. "Pelé: Birth of a Legend" flashes back to the very early childhood of said revolutionary player, and while its outline is true to Pelé's true life—he did triumph over poverty to become one...
Continue reading
  1552 Hits

Njinga, Queen of Angola

Njinga, Queen of Angola

In the 17th century a warrior queen fights for the independence of Angola. After witnessing the murder of her son and watching her people being humiliated by Portuguese colonizers, Njinga will become a Queen and struggle for their liberation embodying the motto: those who stay fight to win. Our story begins in 1617, year of the death of Njinga's fa...
Continue reading
  2357 Hits

Tula : The Revolt

Tula : The Revolt

Based on historical facts and the movie starring Danny Glover and Jeroen Krabbé, Tula -The Revolt is a true story about the Great Slave Revolt on the Caribbean island of Curaçao in 1795. Tula, a slave on the Kenepa plantation, is convinced that God made all human beings equal: he finds it increasingly difficult to ignore the inequality and injustic...
Continue reading
  1850 Hits
  0 Comments

The Birth Of A Nation

The Birth Of A Nation

Nat Turner is an enslaved Baptist preacher who lives on a Virginia plantation owned by Samuel Turner. With rumors of insurrection in the air, a cleric convinces Samuel that Nate should sermonize to other slaves, thereby quelling any notions of an uprising. As Nate witnesses the horrific treatment of his fellow man, he realizes that he can no longer...
Continue reading
  997 Hits
  0 Comments

Queen Of Katwe

Queen Of Katwe

Living in the slum of Katwe in Kampala, Uganda, is a constant struggle for 10-year-old Phiona (Madina Nalwanga) and her family. Her world changes one day when she meets Robert Katende (David Oyelowo), a missionary who teaches children how to play chess. Phiona becomes fascinated with the game and soon becomes a top player under Katende's guidance. ...
Continue reading
  861 Hits
  0 Comments

African Fundamentalism By The Hon. Marcus Mosiah Garvey

African  Fundamentalism By The Hon. Marcus Mosiah Garvey

The time has come for the Blackman to forget and cast behind him his hero worship and adoration of other races, and to start out immediately to create and emulate heroes of his own. We must canonize our own martyrs and elevate to positions of fame and honor Black men and women who have made their distinct contributions to our racial history.



Sojourner Truth is worthy of sainthood alongside of Joan of Arc. Crispus Attuck and George William Gordon are entitled to the halo of martyrdom with no less glory than that of the martyrs of any other race. Jacques Deselines' and Moshesh's brilliancy as soldiers and statesmen outshone that of a Cromwell, Napoleon, or Washington: hence they are entitled to the highest place as heroes among men.

Africa has produced countless numbers of men and women, in war and in peace, whose lustre and bravery outshines that of any other people. Then why not see good and perfection in ourselves? We must inspire a literature and promulgate a doctrine of our own without any apologies to the powers that be. The right is the Blackman's and Africa's. Let contrary sentiments and cross opinions go to the winds. Oppositions to Race Independence is the weapon of the enemy to defeat the hopes of an unfortunate people.



We are entitled to our own opinions and not obligated to or bound by the opinions of others. If others laugh at you return the laughter to them; if they mimic you return the compliment with equal force. They have no more right to dishonor, disrespect or
disregard your feelings and manhood than you have in dealing with them. Honor them when they honor you; disregard them when they vilely treat you. Their arrogance is but skin deep and an assumption that has no foundation in morals or in Law.

They have sprung from the same family tree of obscurity as we have; their history is as rude in its primitiveness as ours, their ancestors ran wild and naked, lived in caves and in branches of trees like monkeys as ours; they made sacrifices, ate the flesh of their own dead and the raw meat of wild beasts for centuries even as they accuse us of doing. Their cannibalism was more prolonged than ours; when we were embracing the Arts and Sciences on the banks of the Nile, their ancestors were still drinking human blood and eating out of the skulls of their conquered dead.


When our civilization had reached the noon-day of progress, they were still running naked and sleeping in holes and caves with rats, bats, and other insects and animals. After we had already unfathomed the mystery of the Stars and reduced the Heavenly Constellations to minute and regular calculus they were still backwoodsmen, living in ignorance and blatant darkness



The world today is indebted to us for the benefits of civilization. They stole our Arts and Sciences from Africa. Then why should we be ashamed of ourselves? Their modern improvements are but duplicates of a grander civilization that we reflected thousands of years ago; without the advantage of what is buried and still hidden, to be resurrected and reintroduced by the intelligence of our generation and our posterity.



Why should we be discouraged because somebody laughs at us today? Who can tell what tomorrow will bring forth? Did they not laugh at Moses, Christ, and Mohammed? Was there not a CARTHAGE, GREECE and ROME? We see and have changes everyday; so plan, work, be steadfast and do not be dismayed. As the Jew is held together by his religion, the white races by the assumption and the unwritten law of superiority, and the Mongolian by the precious tie of blood; so likewise the Blackman must be UNITED in one grand RACIAL HIERARCHY. Our union must know no climate, boundary or
nationality.

Continue reading
  1110 Hits
  0 Comments

A List of Some African Leaders that Resisted European Colonization

Cetshwayo

 

 

 

 

Cetshwayo was a Zulu king and the nephew of the legendary Zulu ruler Shaka. Cetshwayo fought the British in 1879. Although the Zulus were defeated, during the Battle of Isandlwana the Zulus handed the British one of the worst defeats in the history of the British Empire.


 

Continue reading
  3806 Hits
  0 Comments

Transracial?

image

Predictably,there have been people comparing Rachel Dolezal, a white woman posing as ablack woman, to that of Bruce Jenner, a man posing as a woman. Some are callingthis “transracial.” Dr. Paul R. McHugh accurately explains that the desire tobe “transgender” is a mental disorder largely because it is not rooted inreality. A man who is biologically born as a man can never be a woman. He madeget cosmetic surgery to make a superficial change, but the man is stillbiologically a man. Moreover, a large portion of those who have genderreassignment surgery are still not satisfied and McHugh argues that people whoget gender reassignment surgery are 20 times more likely to commit suicide thannon-transgender people. Therefore, transgender issues do not represent a sortof civil rights issue that liberals have often made the issue out to be—it is apsychological issue.

The whole notion of transgender is not rootedin a reality. Likewise, being “transracial” is not rooted in reality. A whitewoman that was born white cannot suddenly become black. Now, there have been examples of white people with black grandparents orgreat-grandparents that have identified as being black.  We see this often in Brazil, but in this casewe have a Rachel Dolezal, who is a woman that appears to have no immediateblack ancestry. Thebiggest issue here is that Dolezal’s “transracial” identity is based on lies.Not only the lie about her own racial identity, but she has done things likeclaim that her adopted black step-brother was her own son. She also apparentlymailed hate mail to herself. This is a woman that appears to be a pathologicalliar.

Moreover,all she has done was using her position as a fake black person for her benefit.From this position she not only became president of the NAACP, but she also gota scholarship to Howard. In other words, Dolezal has enjoyed all of thebenefits of being black, but endured none of the challenges. As one personrightfully pointed out, black people cannot suddenly decide to be white whenattacked by a police officer at a pool party. No matter how much we may bleachour skins or straighten our hair, there is no escaping for black people. Thereare some really light-skinned or mixed race blacks that may pass for white, butthose people do not represent the vast majority of people with African blood intheir veins, and such people essentially profit from white supremacy and racismrather than challenging the status quo. This is why in places like Haiti(during the revolution) and South Africa (during apartheid) we see tensionsbetween oppressed blacks and mixed race people who tended to distancethemselves from the struggles of the black masses.

Dolezalcannot pass herself off as a full-blooded black woman. Instead, she claimed she was mixed race andthat one of those races was black, but she has no black parents, no blackgrandparents, and no black great-grandparents. Based on all accounts about herlife, she is either a confused woman or an opportunist woman, but nothing abouther claims to be black is based in reality; the same way someone who was born aman but claims to be a woman is making a claim that is not based in reality. Original author: D Omowale
  2199 Hits
  0 Comments

Were Bob Marley and Malcolm X Traitors?

I wrote about Bob Marley’s status as a prophet in the eyes of some people in my book Malcolm X, Bob Marley and Other Essays. There I pointed out that Bob Marley was not a prophet or a revolutionary as he is sometimes depicted. He was in fact a musician and that was his significance. He was inspired by figures like Paul Bogle and Marcus Garvey. Bogle led an uprising against the colonial government and Garvey was the leader of a mass movement. Marley led neither an uprising nor any type of mass movement or organization. He was a musician, and he had all the benefits and limits that come with that.
Continue reading
  2889 Hits
  0 Comments

Quotes on Malcolm X

image
“I always had a deep affection for Malcolm andfelt that he had a great ability to put his finger on the existence and theroot of the problem. He was an eloquent spokesman for his point of view and noone can honestly doubt that Malcolm had a great concern for the problems weface as a race.”“He wasone of the most fascinating and charming men I have ever met, and neverhesitated to take his attractiveness and beat you to death with it. Yet hisirritation, though painful to us, was most salutary. He would make you angry ashell, but he would also make you proud. It was impossible to remain defensiveand apologetic about being a Negro in his presence. He wouldn’t let you. Andyou always left his presence with the sneaky suspicion that maybe, after all,you were a man!”“Most ofus blacks—or Negroes, as he called us—really thought we were free without beingaware that in our subconscious all those chains we thought had been struck offwere still there, and there were many ways where what really motivated us wasour desire to be loved by the white man. Malcolm meant to lance that sense ofinferiority. He knew it would be painful. He knew that people could kill youbecause of it, but he dared to take that risk.”“There are those who will consider it theirduty, as friends of the Negro people, to tell us to revile him, to flee, evenfrom the presence of his memory, to save ourselves by writing him out of thehistory of our turbulent times. Many will ask what Harlem finds to honor inthis stormy, controversial and bold young captain – and we will smile. Manywill say turn away – away from this man, for he is not a man but a demon, amonster, a subverter and an enemy of the black man – and we will smile. Theywill say that he is of hate – a fanatic, a racist – who can only bring evil tothe cause for which you struggle! And we will answer and say to them : Did youever talk to Brother Malcolm? Did you ever touch him, or have him smile at you?Did you ever really listen to him? Did he ever do a mean thing? Was he everhimself associated with violence or any public disturbance? For if you did youwould know him. And if you knew him you would know why we must honor him. Malcolmwas our manhood, our living, black manhood!”“When Malcolm would ascent the little platform…hecouldn't talk for the first four of five minutes—the people would be makingsuch a praise-shout to him—and he would stand there, taking his due. And thenhe would open his mouth.”“He was saying something over and above that of any other leaderof that day. While the other leaders were begging for entry into the house oftheir oppressor, he was telling you to build your own house.”“Now, everybody talks about Malcolm like they lovedhim so much when he was alive, but that’s a lie and they know it. When Malcolmwas killed, the majority of negroes reacted the same way white people did. Theywere glad, because they had been told that Malcolm was going around stirring uptrouble.”“We weren’t accustomed to being told that we were devils and thatwe were oppressors up here in our wonderful northern cities. He was speakingfor a silent mass of black people and sang it out front on the devil’s ownairwaves, and that was an act of war.”“I came away from that rally feeling that with him, once you heardhim speak, you never went back to where you were before. You had to—even if youkept your position, you had to rethink it.”“To embrace the ideas of Malcolm X is to embrace the ideas ofAfrican Internationalism and the ideas of African Internationalism are oppositeand contradictory to the ideals of Americanism. The ideals of AfricanInternationalism promote freedom from oppression and injustice. These idealspromote freedom and independence.” “He expelled fear for African Americans. Hesaid, ‘I will speak out loud what we’ve been thinking,’ and he said, ‘You’llsee. People will hear it and they will not do anything to us necessarily, Ok,but I will now speak it for the masses of people.’ When he said it in a verystrong fashion, in this very manly fashion, in this fashion that says, ‘I amnot afraid to say what you’ve been thinking all these years,’ that’s why weloved him. He said it out loud, not behind closed doors. He took on America forus.”“And Iremember a lone, almost ragged guitarist huddled on a side street playing andsinging just for himself when he glanced up and instantly recognized theoncoming, striding figure. “Huh-ho!” the guitarist exclaimed, and jumping up, hesnapped into a mock salute. “My man!” Malcolm X loved it. And they loved him. Therewas no question about it: whether he was standing tall beside a street lampchatting with winos, or whether he was firing his radio and televisionbroadsides to unseen millions of people, or whether he was titillating smallaudiences of sophisticated whites with his small-talk such as, “My hobby isstirring up Negroes, that's spelled knee-grows the way you liberals pronounceit”—the man had charisma, and he had power.”“No manin our time aroused fear and hatred in the white man as did Malcolm, because inhim the white man sensed an implacable foe who could not be had for any price—aman unreservedly committed to the cause of liberating the black man in Americansociety rather than integrating the black man into that society.”“NoMalcolm X in my History text

Hetried to educate and liberate all Blacks.”

-TupacShakur 

Original author: D Omowale
  1664 Hits
  0 Comments

Legends of Nigeria's forgotten monument are bigger than pyramids of Egypt

Legends of Nigeria's forgotten monument are bigger than pyramids of Egypt

 

By  Barnaby Phillips

Deep in the Nigerian rainforest, one of Africa's greatest monuments has been virtually ignored by the outside world for hundreds of years.

 

 

Praying at the grave The grave of Bilikisu Sungbo is seen as holy place

 


In terms of sheer size it's the largest single monument in Africa
Dr Patrick Darling

 

 

Yet the Eredo earthwork lies just one hour's drive from Lagos.

Now being investigated by Dr Patrick Darling of Bournemouth University in the United Kingdom, the Eredo provides clear evidence of a powerful lost kingdom, and,

According to local tradition, the site may even shed light on the legendary Queen of Sheba.

Trekking through the rainforest you could pass within a few yards of the Eredo and not even know it was there - a great ditch hidden in the vegetation.

Built some 1,000 years ago, it encircles the ancient kingdom of Ijebu-Ode, snaking through swamps and forests.

Continue reading
  861 Hits
  0 Comments

Searching for the Queen of Sheba

Searching for the Queen of Sheba

[ image:  ]

A team of British scientists may have rediscovered the centre of one of Africa's greatest kingdoms - and the possible burial place of the legendary Queen of Sheba. Hidden in the Nigerian rainforest, the earthworks at Eredo are just a few hour's drive from Lagos. The team from Bournemouth University, working with archaeologist Dr Patrick Darling, have completed a preliminary survey of the wall and ditch measuring 70ft high in places and around 100 miles long.

Civil wars and the arrival of the British eventually broke the kingdom's centuries-old Lagos lagoon trade monopoly.
But the Awujale of the modern day town of Ijebu-Ode still holds a traditional position of responsibility.

Dr Darling, described the Eredo site as a breathtaking find with many of its remains relatively intact, though overgrown by the rainforest.

 

"We are not linking what we found to a city, but to a vast kingdom boundary rampart," he told the BBC.

"The vertical sided ditches go around the area for 100 miles and it is more than 1,000 years old.

"That makes it the earliest proof of an kingdom founded in the African rainforest."

 

 

 

 

 

 

Continue reading
  1339 Hits
  0 Comments

The Roots of African-on-African Violence

Themassacre at Garissa University College and the recent violence against otherAfricans in South Africa, especially Zimbabweans is the latest in the largenumber of African-on-African violence that we’ve seen throughout the continentsince independence. Along with these events have been the genocide in Rwandaand the civil wars countries such as Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Sudan, Congo andother nations. This is not unlike the alarming rates at which African Americansand West Indians have been killing each other. Wesee all around the world African people have been engaged in aggression againsteach other. Much of these acts of violence can be explained through what isknown in psychology as “displaced aggression.” That is when a person takes outtheir aggression not on the direct source of that aggression, but on adifferent target. A commonly used example of this would be a man who getsberated by his boss at work, but instead of confronting his boss out of fear ofbeing fired, the man goes home and takes out his aggression by abusing his dog.It is the same way with Africans, who turn their aggressions against eachother.

Rather than taking out our aggression on thesources of our oppression and exploitation, we often turn that aggressioninwards towards ourselves. For example, the outrage in South Africa is nottargeted towards the Europeans that continue to enjoy the riches that theirancestors stole from the local African population. Instead, the aggression istargeted towards other Africans, specifically "foreign" born Africans.

We also have to consider that these attacks against foreigners are clashes that are essentially over the borders that were drawn up by theEuropeans. In fact, many of the post-colonial clashes have been over thingsthat Europeans imposed on African people. The genocide in Rwanda was largelythe result of the divide and conquer tactics of the Germans and Belgians. Thecivil wars in the Sudan was the result of the divide and conquer tactics of theBritish and in Djibouti the French employed divide and conquer tactics to maintaintheir control over their colony.

Theother explanation for the violence is the Eurocentric system itself, which hashistorically degraded African people. When African people come to accept thissystem as their own, they are as accepting their own inferiority. Bobby E.Wright argued African people kill each other because they “have been led tobelieve that they are part of the psychopath’s system,” a system of whitesupremacy   that has historically “encouraged the killingsof Blacks.” Original author: D Omowale
  1406 Hits
  0 Comments

Victimization and History

image
“Andwhen we fell victims to this feeling of inadequacy or inferiority orhelplessness, we turned to somebody else to show us the way. We didn't haveconfidence in another Black man to show us the way, or Black people to show usthe way. In those days we didn't. We didn't think a Black man could do anythingbut play some horn -- you know, some sounds and make you happy with some songsand in that way. But in serious things, where our food, clothing, and shelterwas concerned and our education was concerned, we turned to the man. We neverthought in terms of bringing these things into existence for ourselves, wenever thought in terms of doing things for our selves. Because we felthelpless.”Oneof the negative side effects of the mis-education that African people haveundergone is that we have internalized a type of victim mentality. That is tosay that when we look at ourselves throughout history we always see ourselvesas being victims that are waiting for other people to liberate us or to save us.That is certainly the historical narrative I got in schools. I was taught abouthow Abraham Lincoln emancipated the slaves or how William Wilberforce ended theslave trade. Nat Turner’s name came up once in class and there was FrederickDouglass, but the role of Africans in resisting slavery was for the most parterased. In schools African children really do not hear about Toussaint, Cuffy,Sam Sharpe, Buddhoe, Nanny, Bussa, Dessalines, Zumbi, and the many others thatresisted slavery. This leaves students with the impression that Africans werereduced to merely being slaves that begged for other people to save us, as theimage above depicts. Tochange this type of mentality we need to know our history. We need to readabout how the Haitians defeated three of the most powerful empires in Europe orhow the Ethiopians defeated the Italians. We need to read about the defeatsthat the Asante and the Zulu inflicted on the British Empire or how the Hehe foughtbravely for seven years against the Germans.  We need to read about how the Maroons inJamaica or the Black Caribs in St. Vincent managed to force the British to signa treaty with them on their own terms because the British could not outrightdefeat them in combat.

Althoughevery African nation but Ethiopia failed to fend off European imperialism (andeven Ethiopia would, for a time, fall under Italian rule), Africans foughtvaliantly and in some cases won the respect of their foes. As John HenrikClarke said, “For a period of more than a hundred years, African warriornationalists, mostly kings, who had never worn a store-bought shoe or heard ofa military school, outmaneuvered and outgeneraled some of the finest militaryminds of Europe.” The point Clarke makes here is profound because althoughAfricans did not have the same technology that the Europeans had, they wereable to score some major victories simply through their military tactics alone.The defeat of the Italians at the hands of Ethiopia was perhaps the only timeEuropeans fought an African army that was armed with up to date weaponry.

Becausemany of us have never really studied our history to see that at various pointsAfricans defeated or came close to defeating Europeans, we have a skewed viewof history which makes it appear as though we have merely been victimsthroughout history and we are incapable of standing up for ourselves.

Original author: D Omowale
  1341 Hits
  0 Comments

Open letter to ‘60 Minutes’ on its Africa reporting

Open letter to ‘60 Minutes’ on its Africa reporting

Dear Jeff Fager, Executive Producer of CBS 60 Minutes,

We, the undersigned, are writing to express our grave concern about the frequent and recurring misrepresentation of the African continent by 60 Minutes.

In a series of recent segments from the continent, 60 Minutes has managed, quite extraordinarily, to render people of black African ancestry voiceless and all but invisible.

Two of these segments were remarkably similar in their basic subject matter, featuring white people who have made it their mission to rescue African wildlife. In one case these were lions, and in another, apes. People of black African descent make no substantial appearance in either of these reports, and no sense whatsoever is given of the countries visited, South Africa and Gabon.

The third notable recent segment was a visit by your correspondent Lara Logan to Liberia to cover the Ebola epidemic in that country. In that broadcast, Africans were reduced to the role of silent victims. They constituted what might be called a scenery of misery: people whose thoughts, experiences and actions were treated as if totally without interest. Liberians were shown within easy speaking range of Logan, including some Liberians whom she spoke about, and yet not a single Liberian was quoted in any capacity.

Liberians not only died from Ebola, but many of them contributed bravely to the fight against the disease, including doctors, nurses and other caregivers, some of whom gave their lives in this effort. Despite this, the only people heard from on the air were white foreigners who had come to Liberia to contribute to the fight against the disease.

Continue reading
  1107 Hits
  0 Comments

A Short List of Some African Women to Know About

image
image
image
image
image
 HatshepsutHatshepsut was the greatest woman ruler in Egypt andone of Egypt’s greatest rulers in general. Egyptologist James Henry Breastedsaid of her, “The first great woman in history of whom we are informed.” Duringher reign Hatshepsut established new trade networks, which including sending adelegation to Punt. Hatshepsut was also remembered as one of the most prolificbuilders in Egypt’s history. She had a number of constructions built, but themost famous of these constructions was the Mortuary Temple. Mortuary Temple of HatshepsutAmanishakheto was a queen in Kush. She is rememberedfor the jewelry that was found in her pyramid. Nzingawas the Queen of the Ndongo and Matamba Kingdoms. Nzinga spent decades fightingto repel the Portuguese slave traders. One Portuguese wrote of Nzinga: “The truth is thatshe is the greatest military strategist that ever confronted the armed forcesof Portugal. Her tactics keep our commanders sweating in confusion and dismay. Her aim is nothing less than the totaldestruction of the slave trade.”Lisabiwas a Ega leader and warrior who defended her people from an invasion from theOyo Empire.

Dandara

Dandarawas the wife of Zumbi, who was the leader of Palmares. Palmares was a societyof runaway slaves. Dandara was a warrior who fought alongside her husband toliberate slaves in Brazil. She also nursed sick children and elders inPalmares. When she was captured in battle, she committed suicide rather than allowingherself to be taken into slavery.Nannywas a famed maroon leader in Jamaica. The maroons were escaped Africans thatformed their own societies. Nanny is remembered as a brave and courageouswarrior, who not only fought the British slave masters but actively worked tofree other slaves from the plantation.HarrietTubman was an abolitionist in the United States. Although she was born intoslavery, she managed to escape and then made multiple trips onto slave plantationsto lead others to freedom. She was known as the “Moses of Her People.” Asidefrom leading people to freedom, Tubman also helped John Brown to organize hisraid on Harpers Ferry and she served as a spy for the Union Army during thecivil war. YaaAsantewaa was a Queen Mother of the Asante people, who led her people in theirfinal battle against the British Empire.  Taituwas the wife of Ethiopian Emperor Menelik. She is remembered for playing a verysignificant role during his reign. Menelik would seek her consul before makingimportant decisions. It was also Taitu who managed government affairs whenMenelik was away and it was she that selected the location for present daycapital city of Addis Ababa. Taitu is perhaps best known for commanding troopson the battlefield during the Battle of Adwa, in which Ethiopia defeated theItalians. FunmilayoKuti 

FunmilayoKuti was a Nigerian born political organizer and anti-colonial leader.Funmilayo was one of the founding members of the National Council of Nigeriaand the Cameroons (NCNC), and the West African Students Union (WASU). Funmilayowas also known for the fearless manner in which she would confront Britishcolonial officers and their African puppets. Funmilayo also rejected manyaspects of European culture. She refused to use her European name (FrancesAbigail) and wore only traditional African clothing. Funmilayo was the motherof famous Nigerian musician Fela Kuti, as well as two doctors Beko Ransome-Kutiand Olikoye Ransome-Kuti. All three of her children became outspoken politicalactivists in their own right.

IdaB. Wells-Barnett was a journalist who wrote a number of pamphlets to exposelynchings throughout America. Her works include “Southern Horrors: Lynch Law inAll Its Phases,” “The Red Record: Tabulated Statistics and Alleged Causes ofLynching in the United States,” and “Mob Rule in New Orleans: Robert Charlesand His Fight to Death, the Story of His Life, Burning Human Beings Alive, OtherLynching Statistics.”QueenMother Moore was a Pan-African activist. She first became involved in theAfrican struggle during the 1920s as a member of Marcus Garvey’s UniversalNegro Improvement Association and worked the Republic of New Afrika in the1960s. She spent over 70 years fighting for the rights of African peoplethroughout the world. She was involved in community activities well into her90s, including appearing for a speech at the Million Man March in 1995. At theage of 97, she once declared, “I feel good. I feel young. My work isn’tcomplete.” Moore was given the name Queen Mother by African students thatrespected her and she was officially given the honorary title of Queen Mother bythe Asante king in 1972 during a trip she made to Ghana.Edna RolandEdnaRoland is a black rights activist in Brazil. She has severed as the presidentof an organization named Black Voice and the co-coordinator of the GeledesInstitute of Black Woman. Throughout her public career she has fought for anumber of causes including the restoration of democracy during the years ofmilitary dictatorship in Brazil, improved healthcare for Africans in Brazil,and for reparations. Perhaps the most notable moment of her political careerwas a conference on racism that she attended in South Africa in 2001. Duringthis conference she exposed the rampant racism in Brazil, which forced theBrazilian government to, for the first time, acknowledge the existence of racismin Brazil.Original author: D Omowale
  1588 Hits
  0 Comments